Certain foods may increase your risk for type2 diabetes or obesity. These conditions are linked to certain types of cancer. Carcinogens are dangerous substances that can cause cancer.
However, it is important to note that not all carcinogens can cause cancer. It all depends on your genetic makeup, as well the amount and duration of the exposure.
Let’s now look at what research shows about foods that increase the risk of various types of cancer.
Processed meat Any type of meat that has been preserved through smoking, salting, curing or canning. Red meats make up the majority of processed meats. Red meats that have been processed include:
- hot dogs
- Corned Beef
- beef jerky
Carcinogens can be created by the methods used in making processed meats. According to a 2018 ArticleTrusted Source, N-nitroso compounds can be formed by curing meat with nitrite. Smoking meat can cause cancer-causing polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons.
A 2019 reviewTrustedSource found that processed meat is a significant risk factor for colorectal carcinoma. Another 2019 reviewTrustedSource found it linked to stomach cancer.
A 2018 reviewTrusted source found that high levels of processed meat consumption was linked to an increased risk for breast Cancer.
Acrylamide forms when starchy foods are heated to high temperatures. This can occur during baking, roasting and toasting.
A lot of acrylamide is found in fried starchy foods. This includes potato chips and french fries.
A 2018 reviewTrustedSource found that acrylamide is carcinogenic in tests on rats. According to the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), Trusted Source, it is “probably carcinogenic for humans.”
A 2020 study found that acrylamide damages DNA, induces cell death, and can even cause it to be deleted.
Consuming a lot of fried foods can increase your risk for developing type 2 diabetes. These conditions can increase your risk of developing cancer by increasing your oxidative and inflammation levels.
Overcooking meats and other foods can cause cancer. One 2020 articleTrusted source states that high heat cooking can cause carcinogenic PAHs as well as heterocyclicamines (HCAs) in meat. These substances can alter the DNA of your cells, increasing your risk of developing cancer.
Cooking with high heat or open flame can cause food to go brown faster. This includes:
The Food and Drug AdministrationTrusted Source also states that overcooking starchy foods, like potatoes, increases acrylamide formation.
You can reduce the risk of developing cancer from high-heat cooks by using healthier cooking methods like:
- Pressure cooking
- Roasting or baking at lower temperatures
- Slow cooking in a slow cooker or crock pot
Some evidence suggests that milk may increase the likelihood of prostate Cancer. Dairy foods can include:
A 2014 reviewTrusted Source found that dairy intake increases insulin-like growth factor 1. This increases the risk of developing prostate cancer. IGF-1 can increase the proliferation or production of prostate cancer cells.
Sugary food and refined carbohydrates can both indirectly increase your cancer risk. These foods include:
- Sugar-sweetened beverages
- baked goods
- white pasta
- White bread
- white rice
- Sugary cereals
Consuming a lot of sugary and starchy foods can increase your risk of type 2 diabetes or obesity. A 2020 studyTrusted source found that both conditions increase inflammation and oxidative strain. This could increase your chances of developing certain types or cancers.
A 2019 reviewTrustedSource found that type 2 diabetes raises the risk of ovarian and breast cancers, as well as endometrial (uterine), cancer.
High sugar intake and refined carbohydrate consumption may lead to high blood glucose levels. This, according to a 2017 StudyTrusted Source may increase the risk of developing colorectal carcinoma.
You can reduce the harmful effects of refined carbs by replacing them with healthier options such as:
- Whole grain bread
- Whole grain pasta
- Brown rice
Alcohol is a compound that can cause cancer. It’s broken down by the liver into acetaldehyde.
A 2017 reviewTrusted source found that acetaldehyde can cause DNA damage and oxidative stresses. It can also affect your immune system, making it more difficult for your body’s ability to target cancerous and precancerous cells.
According to a 2015 studyTrusted source, alcohol can increase estrogen levels in women. This increases the risk of estrogen receptor-positive breast carcinoma.